Advantages, Types ...
Advantages: ELECTRIC VEHICLES ALLOW YOU TO SAVE MONEY AND LOOK AFTER THE ENVIRONMENT
Electric vehicles are those which, in order to move around, employ electrical power released by batteries that supply the electric motor and are charged via an electrical outlet and a regenerative braking system.
Compared to vehicles driven by combustion engines, electric vehicles are far less harmful to the environment due to the reduced CO2 emissions released into the atmosphere.
Iberdrola offers you a wide range of electric vehicles: cars, motorcycles and bicycles, so that you can look after the environment when you travel.
Ask for more information on Iberdrola Green Mobility and help us to look after our planet.
Types: DIFFERENT ELECTRIC VEHICLES BASED ON THE TRACTION TYPE AND BATTERIES EMPLOYED
There are currently different types of electric vehicles, depending on their traction technology and battery charging system:
Types: Pure electric vehicle
Pure electric vehicles only use the electric motor as a propulsion system. The electricity stored in the batteries is charged from the power grid while the vehicle is parked.
They also have a regenerative braking system that recovers energy and charges the batteries when braking or going down steep slopes. Their range is limited by the battery capacity.
They are noiseless and emit no greenhouse gases. When they are charged using renewable energy sources, they emit no CO2.
Types: Extended-range hybrid vehicle
Extended-range hybrid vehicles always use the electric propulsion system. The batteries are charged from the electric grid.
For those situations where greater range is needed and charging from the grid is not possible, these vehicles have an internal combustion engine that charges the batteries while they are running.
These vehicles also have a regenerative braking system to recover the energy when braking and going down steep slopes.
Types: Plug-in hybrid vehicle
Plug-in hybrid vehicles combine the propulsion of both the electric motor and the internal combustion engine.
The batteries can be charged from the grid, when the vehicle is stopped, or using the regenerative braking system when braking and going down steep slopes. The battery capacity is usually less than in pure electric vehicles.
The CO2 emissions are reduced the more they are used in electric mode.
Types: Non-plug-in hybrid vehicle
Non-plug-in hybrid vehicles combine the propulsion of both the electric motor and the internal combustion engine.
The battery is only charged using the regenerative braking system when braking or going down steep slopes and the capacity is usually less than in pure electric vehicles.
The recovery and storage of energy in the battery improves the vehicle's efficiency compared to an internal combustion vehicle, but contributes less to reducing CO2 emissions.
Why an electric vehicle?: DISCOVER THE MAIN ADVANTAGES OF GOING WITH GREEN MOBILITY
Green mobility is playing a relevant role in the fight against climate change and in economic recovery. Moreover, because of the oil supply problem, oil dependence needs to be reduced. We give you 7 reasons that make electric vehicles an interesting option that benefits us all:
- Because with less money you can travel longer.
- Because you save on maintenance (the electric motor is simpler than an internal combustion engine).
- Because they use clean fuel and improve air quality in our cities.
- Because their motor is not as noisy.
- Because you can enjoy benefits such as subsidies when you buy one, reduction in road and registration taxes, free car parks, discounts on tolls…
- Because it is a tested and reliable technology developed more than a century ago.
- Because through night-time charging we make the most of renewable energy sources.
FAQs: CLEAR UP YOUR DOUBTS ABOUT ELECTRIC VEHICLES
- What is the range of electric vehicles?
- What kind of batteries do electric vehicles use?
- How long does it take to charge an electric vehicle's batteries?
- Can I leave the vehicle charging and forget about it?
- Can I make partial charges of an electric vehicle's batteries?
- How much does the electricity needed to travel 100 km cost?
- What kind of maintenance does an electric vehicle need?
- What is an electric bicycle?
- How is an electric bicycle's battery charged?
- Is public aid available for purchasing electric vehicles?
- Can I drive an electric vehicle on any type of road?
FAQs: What is the range of electric vehicles?
The range depends on each car, the capacity of its battery and the driving style. The electric cars available on the market have a range of between 100 and 200 km. The range of electric scooters, hybrid vehicles and extended-range vehicles is similar to that of conventional vehicles.
FAQs: What kind of batteries do electric vehicles use?
Although there are many technologies for storing energy in electric vehicles, in recent years nickel–metal hydride batteries are being replaced by lithium-ion batteries which provide better performance in terms of power, energy density and useful life. These technologies have undergone major advances and their performance is expected to increase in the coming years, enabling electric vehicles to be provided with ranges similar to those of conventional vehicles.
FAQs: How long does it take to charge an electric vehicle's batteries?
The time needed to charge an electric vehicle's batteries depends on the vehicle's charger and the charging infrastructure. Generally speaking, a pure electric car needs around 5 hours to reach 80% of its capacity in ‘trickle or standard charge’ mode, which enables it to travel about 100 km. The Iberdrola charge points reduce by up to 40% the charge time compared to charging through a conventional socket.
FAQs: Can I leave the vehicle charging and forget about it?
It is not necessary to wait for the vehicle to charge or unplug the cable immediately after the battery has been charged. The vehicle manages the charging process and switches off automatically once it has been completed. You can unplug it if you need to drive the vehicle, even though the charging process has ended hours before.
FAQs: Can I make partial charges of an electric vehicle's batteries?
The energy storage system in an electric vehicle is similar to that of other electric appliances, such as a mobile phone or laptop, although it has more capacity. So, if you need to use the vehicle, it can be unplugged at any time even though the charge has not been completed 100%. Moreover, you can charge the vehicle any time you want, even though the battery system is not completely discharged. However, we recommend that you check the vehicle's manual to find out the best way of charging it and extending the useful life of the batteries.
FAQs: How much does the electricity needed to travel 100 km cost?
The cost of travelling 100 km with an electric vehicle depends on the efficiency of the vehicle itself and the electricity supply rate. Iberdrola recommends charging the batteries at night because you can take advantage of the best rates, so charging is as inexpensive as possible. As an estimate, travelling 100 km with your electric vehicle can cost you around €1.35 (calculated using a 2.0 DHS rate, in super-valley period from 1 am to 7 am, taxes included). Iberdrola charge points allow you to schedule charges at the times that best suit you, so you can take advantage of the lowest electricity rates.
FAQs: What kind of maintenance does an electric vehicle need?
An electric vehicle does not require as much maintenance as a combustion vehicle because electric motors have fewer mechanical components and need no oil changes.
FAQs: What is an electric bicycle?
It is a pedal assist bicycle equipped with an electric motor having a maximum rated power of 250W, which assists the rider's muscular effort. This electric motor stops when the rider stops pedalling or the speed exceeds 25 km/h. However, to assist start-up, some electric bicycles have an accelerator that activates the electric motor independently of pedalling, up to 6 km/h.
FAQs: How is an electric bicycle's battery charged?
The bicycle has a cable that connects to the battery and to a conventional 230 V power point. The bicycle's battery is removable, so it can be carried and charged conveniently anywhere.
FAQs: Is public aid available for purchasing electric vehicles?
There are both state and local grants. In addition, electric vehicles benefit from reduced road and registration taxes and are exempt from paying regulated parking fees in certain cities. On the website www.movele.es you can see the available grants.
FAQs: Can I drive an electric vehicle on any type of road?
Yes, exactly the same as equivalent combustion vehicles.
Government grants: FINANCIAL AID AND SUBSIDIES TO HELP YOU GO GREEN
Charging infrastructure and electric vehicle
There are government grants available for both the electrical installation of charge points and for the purchase of electric vehicles. On the website www.movele.es Footnote (*) you can see the grants available in your region.
Furthermore, the Efficient Vehicle Incentive Scheme (PIVE-4) introduced by Spain's Ministry of Energy, Tourism and the Digital Agenda, offers €2,000 in grants for the purchase of a new car accompanied by the de-registration of a vehicle more than 10 years old for passenger cars (category M1) or more than 7 years old for commercial vehicles (category N1). These grants can be increased up to €3,000 if the passenger car has more than 5 seats and the applicant is a member of a large family. You can see the terms and conditions for the grants on the website of the Ministry of Energy, Tourism and the Digital Agenda Footnote (*)
Electric vehicles also benefit from reduced road and registration taxes and are exempt from paying regulated parking fees in certain cities.